A new round of technological and industrial changes is poised for growth, and the status quo of China's manufacturing industry at the low end of the industrial chain is expected to change.
At the meeting, Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said, "Manufacturing is the main battlefield for technological innovation, and it is also the foundation of economic and social development and international competition. Since 2010, China has been ranked as the world's largest manufacturing country, but China's The manufacturing industry is big but not strong. Many core technologies, components and high-end equipment are still subject to people, and they are still at the low-end level of the value chain."
At present, China's manufacturing industry faces major challenges. "From the perspective of internal factors, China's economic development has entered a new normal, and it is imperative to change the way of economic development. From the perspective of external factors, on the one hand, Western developed countries have pursued a strategy of re-industrialization, seeking to continue to lead in the technology industry and seize the high end of the manufacturing industry. On the one hand, developing countries such as India, Mexico, and Vietnam are taking advantage of the lower labor costs to undertake the transfer of labor-intensive industries and seize the low end of manufacturing.” Zhou Ji, dean of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.
Miao Wei believes that at present, a new round of technological and industrial changes is poised for growth. With the continuous innovation and breakthrough in the fields of information technology, new materials, new energy, and biotechnology, the pattern of global development power and industrial division of labor has begun to adjust. “Catch the opportunity, you can achieve leap-forward development; Living is a challenge that will lock in the low end of the industry chain for a long time."
To this end, China has proposed a "Made in China 2025" strategy for strengthening the country. The first step is to enter the ranks of manufacturing powers by 2025. In the second step, by 2035, China's manufacturing industry will reach the middle level of the world's manufacturing powers. In the third step, when the new China is established 100 years ago, my manufacturing power will be even more important. Consolidate and comprehensive strength into the forefront of the world's manufacturing power.
Intelligent manufacturing is the main direction of "Made in China 2025", and engineering technology will directly promote the transformation of scientific and technological achievements.
According to Zhou Ji, “Made in China 2025” should be based on the theme of innovation-driven development, with the integration of informatization and industrialization as the main line, to promote smart manufacturing as the main direction.
Talking about smart manufacturing, Zhou Ji emphasized that this is a vast system engineering, and it must be deeply understood from the four dimensions of product, production, mode and foundation. "Currently, there are still significant gaps between us and the developed countries in the West. We only have a long way to go in terms of the model." Zhou Ji takes General Electric as an example. "General Electric is in the engine." There are a lot of sensors on the top, which can return all kinds of data of aero-generators under high temperature and high pressure environment, which is equivalent to using a big data to make a health protection system. This hourly fee maintenance service has now accounted for the revenue of general aircraft engine business. More than 60%. It can be seen that under the rapid development of industrial Internet, cloud computing and big data, connecting industrial networks including machines and equipment with advanced sensors can extend the industrial chain and develop new industrial models and values. ”
“Engineering technology more directly links science development with industrial development.” Qiu Yong, president of Tsinghua University, said, “We need to build a high-end communication platform to explore cutting-edge issues and major issues, and ask questions from a strategic perspective. Solution." "China Engineering Technology Innovation Alliance" came into being.
"In the future, China will further improve various talent training systems from scientific research to production to management, encourage higher education institutions to cooperate with enterprises, strengthen cooperation in manufacturing innovation centers and innovation design centers, and strive to cultivate manufacturing, big data, The Internet develops the R&D talents and high-skilled talents that are urgently needed to promote the deep integration of government, industry, research and research.” Du Zhanyuan, deputy minister of education, said that colleges and universities should promote engineering technology and personnel training, actively serve the industry and regional development needs, and carry out collaborative innovation. Contribute to building a strong manufacturing country.